What is doping?

Doping is defined as the occurrence of one or more of the following Anti-Doping Rule Violations (ADRVs) according to World Anti-Doping Code:

  • Presence of a Prohibited Substance in an Athlete’s Sample
  • Use or attempted use of a Prohibited Substance or Method
  • Refusing to submit to Sample Collection after being notified
  • Failure to file Athlete Whereabouts information and Missed Tests
  • Tampering with any part of the Doping Control process
  • Possession of a Prohibited Substance or Method
  • Trafficking a Prohibited Substance or Method
  • Administering or attempting to administer a Prohibited Substance or Method to an Athlete
  • Complicity in an ADRV
  • Prohibited association with Athlete Support Personnel who has been engaged in doping

For full definitions of all above mentioned ADRVs, please consult World Anti-Doping Code Article 2.


The use of doping substances or doping methods to enhance performance is fundamentally wrong and is detrimental to the overall spirit of sport. Drug misuse can be harmful to an Athlete's health and to other Athletes competing in the sport. It severely damages the integrity, image and value of sport, whether or not the motivation to use drugs is to improve performance. To achieve integrity and fairness in sport, a commitment to clean sport is critical.

Level the Playing Field video


“Every Athlete has the right to clean sport!”

Any Athlete may be tested In- and Out-of-Competition, anytime, anywhere and with No Advance notice.

The principle of strict liability applies in Anti-Doping – if it is in the Athlete’s body, the Athlete is responsible for it.

Athletes’ responsibilities include (but are not limited to):

  • Complying with the WMF Anti-Doping Regulations (in line with the World Anti-Doping Code);
  • Being available for Sample Collection (urine or blood), whether In-Competition or Out-of-Competition;
  • Ensuring that no Prohibited Substance enters his/her body and that no Prohibited Method is used;
  • Making sure that any treatment is not prohibited according to the Prohibited List in force and checking this with the prescribing physicians, or directly with the WMF if necessary;
  • Applying to the WMF (or National Anti-Doping Organization if the Athlete is a National-Level Athlete) if no alternative permitted treatment is possible and a Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE) is required (for basic information about TUEs, please click here; for application process, please click here);
  • Reporting immediately for Sample Collection after being notified of a Doping Control;
  • Ensuring the accuracy of the information entered on the Doping Control Form during Sample Collection (including stating any medications and supplements taken within the seven days prior to Sample Collection, and where the Sample collected is a blood sample, blood transfusions within the previous three months);
  • Cooperating with Anti-Doping Organizations investigating ADRVs; and
  • Not working with coaches, trainers, physicians or other Athlete Support Personnel who are ineligible on account of an ADRV or who have been criminally convicted or professionally disciplined in relation to doping (see WADA’s Prohibited Association List).

Note: During Doping Control, the Athlete must remain within direct observation of the Doping Control Officer (DCO) or Chaperone at all times from when the initial contact is made until the completion of the Sample Collection procedure. The Athlete must also produce identification upon request.

Athletes’ rights include (but are not limited to):

  • During the Doping Control:
    • bringing a representative and, if available, an interpreter;
    • asking for additional information about the Sample Collection process;
    • requesting a delay in reporting to the Doping Control Station for valid reasons (International Standard for Testing and Investigations Article 5.4.4); and
    • requesting modifications for Athletes with impairments (if applicable).
  • Requesting and attending the B Sample analysis (in the case of an Adverse Analytical Finding); and
  • In the case of an ADRV being asserted, the Athlete has the right to a fair hearing and the right to appeal the hearing decision;
  • Rights regarding data protection, according to ISPPPI and any local law applicable.

Doping Control Video

 At-a-Glance: Anti-Doping Overview leaflet

 Play True Quiz

Coaches, trainers, managers, agents and other support personnel have a role in defending clean sport and supporting the Athletes in the Anti-Doping processes.

Athlete Support Personnels’ obligations include (but are not limited to):

  • Knowing and complying with all applicable Anti-Doping policies and rules, including the WMF Anti-Doping Regulations (in line with the World Anti-Doping Code); and
  • Refraining from possessing a Prohibited Substance (or a Prohibited Method)*, administering any such substance or method to an Athlete, trafficking, covering up an ADRV or other forms of complicity and associating with a person convicted of doping (prohibited association). These are ADRVs applicable to Athlete Support Personnel under Article 2 of the World Anti-Doping Code.

*Unless the Athlete Support Personnel can establish that the possession is consistent with a TUE granted to an Athlete or other acceptable justification. Acceptable justification would include, for example, a team doctor carrying Prohibited Substances for dealing with acute and emergency situations.

Athlete Support Personnel’s rights include (but are not limited to):

World Minigolf Sport Federation

Home of Minigolf


WMF on Youtube

WMF on Facebook

WMF on Twitter

WMF on Instagram

Official WMF Sponsors